Unsafe sex and risk of sexually transmitted diseases(STDs)

Category: Discussion | Posted on: Sunday, December 16, 2018
Posted by: Angels Of Dhaka Desk

What is unsafe sex? When you are having intercourse without using any kind of condom protection you are doing unsefe sex. Why it is called unsafe? Because, during unsafe sex people have higher change of transfering sexually transmitted diseases. So, before doing unsafe sex, know the following STDs and their mesurements.

Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is the most commonly spread desease by sex. In many cases it causes no symptoms, some people may not even know that they are infected. Most dangerous thing is that Gonorrhea can be passed from an infected mother to baby during delivery. Common symptoms of Gonorrhea in men are painful urination, a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis.  Common signs of Gonorrhea in women includes Increased vaginal discharge (sometimes yellow or green), painful urination, bleeding between periods or after intercourse, sometimes painful sexual intercourse, abdominal or pelvic pain etc. There are also chance of rectal infections which may either cause no symptoms or cause symptoms in both men and women. Some of these signs are discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, painful bowel movements etc.

Complications of gonorrhea includes infertility, infection that spreads to the joints, increased risk of HIV/AIDS, babies infected gonorrhea from their mothers during birth can develop blindness, sores on the scalp and infections. Gonorrhea should be treated immediately if found positive when tested both the individual and his/her partner. Widely used gonorrhea treatment is s single shot of ceftriaxone(2g) and a oral antibiotic such as azithromycin(for 5-7 days). During the treatment individuals should stay away from sexual intercourse because until the treatment is complete there is still a risk of complications and spread of infection.


 

Syphilis

Syphilis is a highly contagious disease spread primarily by sexual activity, including oral and anal sex. The disease can spread it to their baby throught pregnant mother.  Usually Syphilis has three stages, each with distinct symptoms. On the first stage about 10 days to three months after infection patient may find a painless sore (chancre) - usually on the penis or vagina, in the mouth or around the bottom which usually heals within two to six weeks. Glands near the sore (in the neck, groin or armpit) may get bigger. If the infection is not treated, it will move to the second stage. On the second stage after the sore disappears rash on body appears, often on the palms of hands or soles of feet. Patient often feel ill, with a fever or headache; have hair loss, weight loss or skin growths around the vulva (area around the vagina) in women and around the anus (bottom) in both men and women. Between the second and third stage people with syphilis normally won’t experience any symptoms (this is known as the ‘latent stage’). On the third or late stage (years later), syphilis can seriously damage heart, brain and nervous system.

If it is not treated, syphilis can spread to other areas of the body and cause serious health problems and even death. It can damage the brain, leading to loss of sight, hearing, sensation, as well as dementia and other problems. Many of these results are irreversible. As with most STIs, including HIV. Penicillin is one of the most widely used antibiotics and is usually effective in treating syphilis. People who are allergic to penicillin will likely be treated with a different antibiotic, such as: doxycycline, azithromycin, ceftriaxone.